Interdisciplinary research

  • biology
  • chemistry
  • geology
  • physics

search for answers to questions such as:

  • Could Mars ever have support life?
  • Could life today be present below the surface?
  • Which processes formed the morphology of Mars?
  • What causes the oxidizing state of the surface?
  • Does the atmospheric CO2 pressure vary?
  • How did the dust on Mars become red?

Recent publications

  • Ebbe N. Bak, Michael G. Larsen, Ralf Moeller, Silas B. Nissen, Lasse R. Jensen, Per Nørnberg, Svend J. K. Jensen and Kai Finster. 2017: Silicates Eroded under Simulated Martian Conditions Effectively Kill Bacteria—A Challenge for Life on Mars, Frontiers in Microbiology,  doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.01709.
  • Ebbe N. Bak, Kaloyan Zafirova, Jonathan P. Merrison, Svend J. Knak Jensen, Per Nørnberg, Haraldur P. Gunnlaugsson and Kai Finster. 2017: Production of reactive oxygen species from abraded silicates. Implications for the reactivity of the Martian soil. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 473, 113-121.
  • van Heereveld, Luc; Merrison, Jonathan; Nørnberg, Per; Finster, Kai. 2016: Assessment of the Forward Contamination Risk of Mars by Clean Room Isolates from Space-Craft Assembly Facilities through Aeolian Transport - a Model Study.  Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres, 26.07.2016, s. 1-12.
  • Nørnberg, P.; Bak, E.; Gunnlaugsson, H.P.; Finster, K.; Jensen, S.K. 2016: Mars dust mineralogy and structure obtained by a simple Mars rover instrumentation development – suggestions for future missions.EGU, vol 18, 11528.
  • Bak, Ebbe Norskov; Jensen, Svend Knak; Nørnberg, Per; Finster, Kai. 2016: Methylated silicates may explain the release of chlorinated methane from Martian soil. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 433, 226-231.
  • Jakobsen, Hans J.; Song, Likai; Gan, Zhehong; Hung, Ivan; Bildsoe, Henrik; Skibsted, Jorgen; Bak, Ebbe N.; Finster, Kai; Nornberg, Per; Jensen, Svend Knak. 2016: NMR and EPR Studies of Free-Radical Intermediates from Experiments Mimicking the Winds on Mars : A Sink for Methane and Other Gases. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Part C: Nanomaterials, Interfaces and Hard Matter, Vol. 120, Nr. 45, 26138-26149.
  • Bak, Ebbe Norskov; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Jensen, Svend Knak; Nørnberg, Per; Finster, Kai. 2014: Wind-eroded silicate as a source of hydrogen peroxide on Mars. Eighth International Conference on Mars, Pasadena, California, USA.
  • Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur Pall; Höskuldsson, Á.; Steinthorsson, S.; Óskarsson, , N.; Madsen, M. B.; Nørnberg, Per; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Larsen, G. 2014: Mössbauer spectroscopy of samples from the 2010 Fimmvörðuháls/Eyjafjallajökull eruption. Hyperfine Interactions, Vol. 226, Nr. 1-3, 01.04, 601-612.
  • Nørnberg, Per; Jensen, Svend Knak; Skibsted, Jørgen; Jakobsen, Hans Jørgen; Kate, Inge L. ten; Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur Pall; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Finster, Kai; Bak, Ebbe Norskov; Iversen, Jens Jacob; Kondrup, Jens Christian. 2014: A possible sink for methane on Mars. / 8th Int. Conf. On Mars, Pasadena,1111.
  • Jensen, Svend Knak; Skibsted, Jørgen; Jakobsen, Hans Jørgen; Kate, Inge L. ten; Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur Pall; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Finster, Kai; Bak, Ebbe Norskov; Iversen, Jens Jacob; Kondrup, Jens Christian; Nørnberg, Per. 2014: A sink for methane on Mars? The answer is blowing in the wind. Icarus, Vol. 236, 24-27.
  • Nørnberg, Per; Bak, Ebbe Norskov; Finster, Kai; Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur Pall; Iversen, Jens Jacob; Jensen, Svend Knak; Merrison, Jonathan P. 2014: Aeolian comminution experiments revealing surprising sandball mineral aggregates. Aeolian Research, Vol. 13, 77-80.
  • Holstein-Rathlou, Christina; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Braedstrup, C.F.; Nørnberg, Per. 2012: The effects of electric fields on wind driven particulate detachment. Icarus, Vol. 220, Nr. 1, 07, 1-5.
  • Merrison, Jonathan P.; Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur Pall; Hogg, M.R.; Jensen, M.; Lykke, J.M.; Madsen, M. Bo; Nielsen, M.B.; Nørnberg, Per; Ottosen, T. A.; Pedersen, R.T.; Pedersen, S.; Sørensen, A.V. 2012: Factors affecting the electrification of wind-driven dust studied with laboratory simulations. Planetary and Space Science, Vol. 60, 328-335.
  • Merrison, Jonathan P.; Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur Pall; Holstein-Rathlou, Christina; Jensen, Svend Knak; Mason, J; Nørnberg, Per; Patel, P; Portyankina, G.; Rasmussen, Keld Rømer. 2012: Last Results from the European Mars Simulation Wind Tunnel Facility.EPSC Abstracts, Vol. 6.
  • Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur Pall; Höskuldsson, Á.; Steinthorsson, S.; Óskarsson, N.; Madsen, M.B.; Nørnberg, Per; Merrison, Jonathan P. 2012: Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Samples from the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull Summit Eruption. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 14, EGU-7279.
  • Holstein-Rathlou, Christina; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Iversen, J.J.; Nørnberg, Per. 2012: Quantification of wind flow in the European Mars Simulation Wind Tunnel Facility. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 14,  EGU-4819.
  • Holstein-Rathlou, Christina; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Brædstrup, Christian; Nørnberg, Per. 2012: The effects of electric fields on wind driven particulate detachment, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 14, EGU -4830.
  • Nørnberg, Per; Finster, Kai; Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur Pall; Jensen, Svend Knak; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Vendelboe, Anders Lindblad. 2012: Transformation of goethite/ferrihydrite to hematite and maghemite under temperate humid conditions in Denmark. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 14,  EGU-3400.
  • Bak, Ebbe Norskov; Jensen, Svend Knak; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Nørnberg, Per; Finster, Kai. 2012: Wind-driven erosion of silicates as a source of oxidants in Martian soil. Abstract from 12th European Workshop on Astrobiology, Stockholm, Sverige.
  • Merrison, Jonathan P.; Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur Pall; Holstein-Rathlou, Christina; Jensen, Svend Knak; Nørnberg, Per; Rasmussen, Keld Rømer. 2011: Granular Electrification, Sand Transport and Mineralogy. : Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 13, Nr. EGU-2938
  • Esposito, F.; Collangeli, L.; Corte, V. Della; Molfese, C.; Palumbo, P.; Ventura, S.; Merrison, J.; Nørnberg, P.; Roddriguez-Gomez, J.F.; Lopez-Moreno, J.J.; Battiselli, E.; Gueli, S.; Paolinetti, R.  and the International MEDUSA Team. 2011: MEDUSA: Observation of atmospheric dust and water vapor close to the surface of Mars. The International Journal of Mars Science and Exploration. 12p.
  • Merrison, J.P.; Gunnlaugsson, H.P.; Hogg, M.R.; Jensen, M.; Lykke, J.M.; Madsen, M.B.; Nielsen, M.B.; Nørnberg, P.; Ottosen T.A.; Pedersen, R.T.; Pedersen, S.; Sørensen, A.V. 2012: Factors affecting the electrification of wind-driven dust studied with laboratory simulations. Planetary and Space Science, 60, 328-335.
  • Gunnlaugsson, H.P.; Bertelsen, P.; Binau, C.S.; Goetz, W.; Helgason, Ö.; Kristjánsson, J.; Knudsen, J.M.; Madsen, M.B.; Nørnberg, P.; Steinpórsson, S.; Weyer, G.: Magnetic anomalies in Iceland: Implications for the magnetic anomalies on Mars. Earth and Planetaty Science Letters
  • von Holstein-Rathlou, C.; Merrison, J.P.; Braedstrup, C. F.; Nornberg, P. 2012: The effects of electric fields on wind driven particulate detachment.  ICARUS, 220, 1, 1-5   DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2012.04.011. 
  • Anne-Mette Bruun, Kai Finster, Haraldur P. Gunnlaugsson, Per Nørnberg, Michael W. Friedrich. 2010: A Comprehensive Investigation on Iron Cycling in a Freshwater Seep Including Microscopy, Cultivation and Molecular Community Analysis. Geomicrobiology Journal, 27, 1, 15-34.
  • R. Davy, J. A. Davis, P. A. Taylor, C. F. Lange, W. Weng, J. Whiteway, H. P. Gunnlaugsson. 2010: Initial analysis of air temperature and related data from the Phoenix MET station and their use in stimulating turbulent heat fluxes. J. Geophys. Res., 115 (2010) E00E13, doi:10.1029/2009JE003444.
  • L. Drube, K. Leer, W. Goetz, H. P. Gunnlaugsson, M. P. Haspang, N. Lauritsen, M.B. Madsen, L. K. D. Sørensen, M. D. Ellehoj, M. T. Lemmon, R. V. Morris, D. Blaney, R. Reynolds, P. H. Smith. 2010: Magnetic and Optical Properties of Airborne Dust and Settling Rates at the Phoenix Landing Site,  J. Geophys. Res., 115 (2010) E00E23, doi:10.1029/2009JE003419.
  • M. D. Ellehoj, H. P. Gunnlaugsson, K. M. Bean, B. A. Cantor, L. Drube, D. Fisher, A-M. Harri, C. Holstein-Rathlou, H. Kahanpää, M. T. Lemmon, M. B. Madsen, M. C. Malin, J.  Polkko, P. Smith, L. K. Tamppari, P. A.Taylor, W. Weng and J. Whiteway. 2010: Convective vortices and Dust Devils at the Phoenix landing site, J. Geophys. Res., 115 (2010) E00E16, doi:10.1029/2009JE003413.
  • L. K. Tamppari, D. Bass1, B. Cantor, I. Daubar, C. Dickinson, D. Fisher4, K. Fujii, H. P. Gunnlaugsson, T. L. Hudson, D. Kass, A. Kleinböhl, L. Komguem, M. Lemmon, M. Mellon, J. Moores, A. Pankine, M. Searls, F. Seelos, M. D. Smith, S. Smrekar, P. Taylor, C. Holstein-Rathlou, W. Weng, J. Whiteway, M. Wolff. 2010: Phoenix and MRO Coordinated Atmospheric Measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 115 (2010) E00E17, doi:10.1029/2009JE003415.
  • C. Holstein-Rathlou, H. P. Gunnlaugsson, J. P. Merrison, K. M. Bean, B. A. Cantor, J. A. Davis, R. Davy, N. B. Drake, M. D. Ellehoj, W. Goetz, S. F. Hviid, C. F. Lange, S. E. Larsen, M. Lemmon, M. B. Madsen, M. Malin, J. E. Moores, P. Nørnberg, P. Smith, L. Tamppari, P. A. Taylor. 2010: Winds at the Phoenix landing site, J. Geopys. Res., 115, 2010, E00E18, doi:10.1029/2009JE003411.
  • P. H. Smith, L. K. Tamppari, R. E. Arvidson, D. Bass, D. Blaney, W. V. Boynton, A. Carswell, D. C. Catling, B. C. Clark, T. Duck, E. DeJong, D. Fisher, W. Goetz, H. P. Gunnlaugsson, M. H. Hecht, V. Hipkin, J. Hoffman, S. F. Hviid, H. U. Keller, S. P. Kounaves, C. F. Lange, M. T. Lemmon, M. B. Madsen, W. J. Markiewicz, J. Marshall, C. P. McKay, M. T. Mellon, D. W. Ming, R. V. Morris, W. T. Pike, N. Renno, U. Staufer, C. Stoker, P. Taylor, J. A. Whiteway, A. P. Zent. 2009: H2O at the Phoenix Landing Site, Science 325 (2009) 58-61, DOI: 10.1126/science.1172339