Interdisciplinary research

  • biology
  • chemistry
  • geology
  • physics

search for answers to questions such as:

  • Could Mars ever have support life?
  • Could life today be present below the surface?
  • Which processes formed the morphology of Mars?
  • What causes the oxidizing state of the surface?
  • Does the atmospheric CO2 pressure vary?
  • How did the dust on Mars become red?

Recent publications

  • Ebbe N. Bak, Michael G. Larsen, Ralf Moeller, Silas B. Nissen, Lasse R. Jensen, Per Nørnberg1, Svend J. K. Jensen and Kai Finster, 2017 Silicates Eroded under Simulated Martian Conditions Effectively Kill Bacteria—A Challenge for Life on Mars, Frontiers in Microbiology,  doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.01709.
  • Ebbe N. Bak, Kaloyan Zafirova, Jonathan P. Merrison, Svend J. Knak Jensen, Per Nørnberg, Haraldur P. Gunnlaugsson and Kai Finster, 2017 Production of reactive oxygen species from abraded silicates. Implications for the reactivity of the Martian soil. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 473, 113-121.
  • van Heereveld, Luc; Merrison, Jonathan; Nørnberg, Per; Finster, Kai. 2016 Assessment of the Forward Contamination Risk of Mars by Clean Room Isolates from Space-Craft Assembly Facilities through Aeolian Transport - a Model Study.  Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres, 26.07.2016, s. 1-12.
  • Nørnberg, P., Bak, E., Gunnlaugsson, H.P., Finster, K., Jensen, S.K. 2016 Mars dust mineralogy and structure obtained by a simple Mars rover instrumentation development – suggestions for future missions.EGU, vol 18, 11528.
  • Bak, Ebbe Norskov; Jensen, Svend Knak; Nørnberg, Per; Finster, Kai.  2016 Methylated silicates may explain the release of chlorinated methane from Martian soil. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 433, 226-231.
  • Jakobsen, Hans J.; Song, Likai; Gan, Zhehong; Hung, Ivan; Bildsoe, Henrik; Skibsted, Jorgen; Bak, Ebbe N.; Finster, Kai; Nornberg, Per; Jensen, Svend Knak. 2016 NMR and EPR Studies of Free-Radical Intermediates from Experiments Mimicking the Winds on Mars : A Sink for Methane and Other Gases. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Part C: Nanomaterials, Interfaces and Hard Matter, Vol. 120, Nr. 45, 26138-26149.
  • Bak, Ebbe Norskov; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Jensen, Svend Knak; Nørnberg, Per; Finster, Kai. 2014 Wind-eroded silicate as a source of hydrogen peroxide on Mars. Eighth International Conference on Mars, Pasadena, California, USA.
  • Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur Pall; Höskuldsson, Á.; Steinthorsson, S.; Óskarsson, , N.; Madsen, M. B.; Nørnberg, Per; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Larsen, G. 2014 Mössbauer spectroscopy of samples from the 2010 Fimmvörðuháls/Eyjafjallajökull eruption. Hyperfine Interactions, Vol. 226, Nr. 1-3, 01.04, 601-612.
  • Nørnberg, Per; Jensen, Svend Knak; Skibsted, Jørgen; Jakobsen, Hans Jørgen; Kate, Inge L. ten; Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur Pall; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Finster, Kai; Bak, Ebbe Norskov; Iversen, Jens Jacob; Kondrup, Jens Christian. 2014 A possible sink for methane on Mars. / 8th Int. Conf. On Mars, Pasadena,1111.
  • Jensen, Svend Knak; Skibsted, Jørgen; Jakobsen, Hans Jørgen; Kate, Inge L. ten; Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur Pall; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Finster, Kai; Bak, Ebbe Norskov; Iversen, Jens Jacob; Kondrup, Jens Christian; Nørnberg, Per. 2014 A sink for methane on Mars? The answer is blowing in the wind. Icarus, Vol. 236, 24-27.
  • Nørnberg, Per; Bak, Ebbe Norskov; Finster, Kai; Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur Pall; Iversen, Jens Jacob; Jensen, Svend Knak; Merrison, Jonathan P. 2014 Aeolian comminution experiments revealing surprising sandball mineral aggregates. Aeolian Research, Vol. 13, 77-80.
  • Holstein-Rathlou, Christina; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Braedstrup, C.F.; Nørnberg, Per. 2012 The effects of electric fields on wind driven particulate detachment. Icarus, Vol. 220, Nr. 1, 07, 1-5.
  • Merrison, Jonathan P.; Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur Pall; Hogg, M.R.; Jensen, M.; Lykke, J.M.; Madsen, M. Bo; Nielsen, M.B.; Nørnberg, Per; Ottosen, T. A.; Pedersen , R.T.; Pedersen, S.; Sørensen, A.V. 2012 Factors affecting the electrification of wind-driven dust studied with laboratory simulations. Planetary and Space Science, Vol. 60, 328-335.
  • Merrison, Jonathan P.; Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur Pall; Holstein-Rathlou, Christina; Jensen, Svend Knak; Mason, J; Nørnberg, Per; Patel, P; Portyankina, G.; Rasmussen, Keld Rømer. 2012 Last Results from the European Mars Simulation Wind Tunnel Facility.EPSC Abstracts, Vol. 6.
  • Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur Pall; Höskuldsson, Á.; Steinthorsson, S.; Óskarsson, N.; Madsen, M.B.; Nørnberg, Per; Merrison, Jonathan P. 2012 Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Samples from the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull Summit Eruption. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 14, EGU-7279.
  • Holstein-Rathlou, Christina; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Iversen, J.J.; Nørnberg, Per. 2012 Quantification of wind flow in the European Mars Simulation Wind Tunnel Facility. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 14,  EGU-4819.
  • Holstein-Rathlou, Christina; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Brædstrup, Christian; Nørnberg, Per. 2012 The effects of electric fields on wind driven particulate detachment, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 14, EGU -4830.
  • Nørnberg, Per; Finster, Kai; Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur Pall; Jensen, Svend Knak; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Vendelboe, Anders Lindblad. 2012 Transformation of goethite/ferrihydrite to hematite and maghemite under temperate humid conditions in Denmark. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 14,  EGU-3400.
  • Bak, Ebbe Norskov; Jensen, Svend Knak; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Nørnberg, Per; Finster, Kai. 2012 Wind-driven erosion of silicates as a source of oxidants in Martian soil. Abstract from 12th European Workshop on Astrobiology, Stockholm, Sverige.
  • Merrison, Jonathan P.; Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur Pall; Holstein-Rathlou, Christina; Jensen, Svend Knak; Nørnberg, Per; Rasmussen, Keld Rømer. 2011 Granular Electrification, Sand Transport and Mineralogy. : Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 13, Nr. EGU-2938
  • Esposito, F., Collangeli, L., Corte, V. Della, Molfese, C., Palumbo, P., Ventura, S., Merrison, J., Nørnberg, P., Roddriguez-Gomez, J.F., Lopez-Moreno, J.J., Battiselli, E., Gueli, S., Paolinetti, R.  and the International MEDUSA Team. 2011. MEDUSA: Observation of atmospheric dust and water vapor close to the surface of Mars. The International Journal of Mars Science and Exploration. 12p
  • Merrison, J.P., Gunnlaugsson, H.P., Hogg, M.R., Jensen, M., Lykke, J.M., Madsen, M.B., Nielsen, M.B., Nørnberg, P., Ottosen T.A., Pedersen, R.T., Pedersen, S., Sørensen, A.V. 2012 Factors affecting the electrification of wind-driven dust studied with laboratory simulations. Planetary and Space Science, 60, 328-335.
  • Gunnlaugsson, H.P., Bertelsen, P., Binau, C.S., Goetz, W., Helgason, Ö., Kristjánsson, J., Knudsen, J.M., Madsen, M.B., Nørnberg, P.,Steinpórsson, S., Weyer, G.: Magnetic anomalies in Iceland: Implications for the magnetic anomalies on Mars. Earth and Planetaty Science Letters
  • von Holstein-Rathlou, C., Merrison, J.P., Braedstrup, C. F., Nornberg, P. 2012 The effects of electric fields on wind driven particulate detachment.  ICARUS, 220, 1, 1-5   DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2012.04.011. 
  • Anne-Mette Bruun, Kai Finster, Haraldur P. Gunnlaugsson, Per Nørnberg, Michael W. Friedrich. 2010: A Comprehensive Investigation on Iron Cycling in a Freshwater Seep Including Microscopy, Cultivation and Molecular Community Analysis. Geomicrobiology Journal, 27, 1, 15-34.
  • R. Davy, J. A. Davis, P. A. Taylor, C. F. Lange, W. Weng, J. Whiteway, H. P. Gunnlaugsson, UInitial analysis of air temperature and related data from the Phoenix MET station and their use in stimulating turbulent heat fluxesU. J. Geophys. Res., 115 (2010) E00E13, doi:10.1029/2009JE003444.
  • L. Drube, K. Leer, W. Goetz, H. P. Gunnlaugsson, M. P. Haspang, N. Lauritsen, M.B. Madsen, L. K. D. Sørensen, M. D. Ellehoj, M. T. Lemmon, R. V. Morris, D. Blaney, R. Reynolds, P. H. Smith, UMagnetic and Optical Properties of Airborne Dust and Settling Rates at the Phoenix Landing SiteU,  J. Geophys. Res., 115 (2010) E00E23, doi:10.1029/2009JE003419.
  • M. D. Ellehoj, H. P. Gunnlaugsson, K. M. Bean, B. A. Cantor, L. Drube, D. Fisher, A-M. Harri, C. Holstein-Rathlou, H. Kahanpää, M. T. Lemmon, M. B. Madsen, M. C. Malin, J.  Polkko, P. Smith, L. K. Tamppari, P. A.Taylor, W. Weng and J. Whiteway, UConvective vortices and Dust Devils at the Phoenix landing site, U, J. Geophys. Res., 115 (2010) E00E16, doi:10.1029/2009JE003413.
  • L. K. Tamppari, D. Bass1, B. Cantor, I. Daubar, C. Dickinson, D. Fisher4, K. Fujii, H. P. Gunnlaugsson, T. L. Hudson, D. Kass, A. Kleinböhl, L. Komguem, M. Lemmon, M. Mellon, J. Moores, A. Pankine, M. Searls, F. Seelos, M. D. Smith, S. Smrekar, P. Taylor, C. Holstein-Rathlou, W. Weng, J. Whiteway, M. Wolff, UPhoenix and MRO Coordinated Atmospheric MeasurementsU, J. Geophys. Res., 115 (2010) E00E17, doi:10.1029/2009JE003415.
  • C. Holstein-Rathlou, H. P. Gunnlaugsson, J. P. Merrison, K. M. Bean, B. A. Cantor, J. A. Davis, R. Davy, N. B. Drake, M. D. Ellehoj, W. Goetz, S. F. Hviid, C. F. Lange, S. E. Larsen, M. Lemmon, M. B. Madsen, M. Malin, J. E. Moores, P. Nørnberg, P. Smith, L. Tamppari, P. A. Taylor, UWinds at the Phoenix landing siteU, J. Geopys. Res., 115, 2010, E00E18, doi:10.1029/2009JE003411.
  • P. H. Smith, L. K. Tamppari, R. E. Arvidson, D. Bass, D. Blaney, W. V. Boynton, A. Carswell, D. C. Catling, B. C. Clark, T. Duck, E. DeJong, D. Fisher, W. Goetz, H. P. Gunnlaugsson, M. H. Hecht, V. Hipkin, J. Hoffman, S. F. Hviid, H. U. Keller, S. P. Kounaves, C. F. Lange, M. T. Lemmon, M. B. Madsen, W. J. Markiewicz, J. Marshall, C. P. McKay, M. T. Mellon, D. W. Ming, R. V. Morris, W. T. Pike, N. Renno, U. Staufer, C. Stoker, P. Taylor, J. A. Whiteway, A. P. Zent, UH2O at the Phoenix Landing SiteU, Science 325 (2009) 58-61, DOI: 10.1126/science.1172339